Bhagavad Gita Chapter 13 Verse 2

क्षेत्रज्ञं चापि मां विद्धि सर्वक्षेत्रेषु भारत ।
क्षेत्रक्षेत्रज्ञयोर्ज्ञानं यत्तज्ज्ञानं मतं मम ॥१३-२॥



Lord Krishna says, O Arjuna: at the core of every Kshetra exists a Kshetrajna and that Kshetrajna (knower of all) is me that exists within all living beings including human beings. Other than me (the knower of all) nothing else existed within every living being.


To know truth behind Kshetra and Kshetrajna is knowing essence of entire cosmic system. To realize this cosmic truth is travelling path of jnana yoga that directly led human beings to God Almighty. Indulging in Tattva Jnana is realizing essence of our true inner self… our soul atman, the spirit within! Tattva jnana stands for intricate truths of life understanding which human beings finally gained enlightenment (kaivalya jnana) in their lifetime.


The Explanation:

Lord Krishna addresses King Arjuna… O Arjuna: the inherent entity hidden in all human beings was always the same. What we called true inner self, the soul atman within was a part of me… God Almighty himself! Lord Krishna is God Almighty personified in human form. This statement by Lord Krishna confirms that God exists everywhere and in all living beings. As per Bhagavad Gita… every soul atman, the spirit within was God Almighty in miniscule form existing within all living beings. If an individual grain of sand was an independent soul atman… the whole mound God Almighty!


To realize self is to realize God. By realizing self we finally and ultimately realized God. This also confirms that all souls’ atmans existing in cosmos were the only truth of life. Other than souls atmans nothing else existed in entire cosmos. In their cosmic sojourn… all pure souls atmans gathered impurities, prime reason why they need to manifest karma. If the souls’ atmans were all the time pure… where was the need for souls’ atmans to manifest karma, manifest life? Kshetra in Hinduism stood for a plot of land. As the farmer cultivates a plot of land… every soul atman manifests itself through a chain of 8.4 millions bodies to reach cosmic end of life… stage of absolute purity! Manifestation was part of cosmic system. The form of human beings was only a means to an end… nothing more!


Through bhagavad gita chapter 13 verse 2 Lord Krishna emphasizes that concept of Kshetra and Kshetrajna can be clearly understood only by undertaking spiritual journey as detailed in various scriptures of Hinduism. To understand the difference between manifest and unmanifest… understanding core of spirituality was mandated by God Almighty. Manifest as per Bhagavad Gita was the entire visible cosmos. Unmanifest was the pure soul atman within. Reaching the stage of unmanifest through path of manifest is what spirituality all about. This is also termed Tattva jnana in Hinduism scriptures. As per Lord Krishna essence of spirituality could never be known through path of religion (path of rituals)!


No sooner big bang occurred in cosmic system… the manifest creation came into being. Before occurrence of big bang, the entire cosmos was a pure unmanifest ball of unthinkable primordial cosmic energy… the size of half a thumb! This uninhibited primordial cosmic energy, size of half a thumb… cluster of all pure souls’ atmans in cosmos is what we call God Almighty in all its glory! God Almighty is that singularity in the beginning of cosmos explosion of which results in occurrence of big bang. The big bang results in all pure souls atmans scattering all over cosmos at unimaginable speeds. In the melee, the hurtling souls’ atmans gathered impurities similar as a rolling ball gathers moss.


The manifest creation was inevitable. The moment dissolution of entire cosmos occurred (termed Pralaya in Hinduism)… the entire cosmos reduced to size of half a thumb! This ball of primordial cosmic energy (size of half a thumb) unable to contain itself for long in its prime pure state again explodes with a big bang giving rise to a new cosmos… a new journey of life! Manifestation of life in cosmic system was inevitable… is inevitable! In absence of life in cosmic system, the entire cosmos could never move forward… everything would just decay and die. It is only when God Almighty manifests self… life is created in cosmos. It is through a long process of karma… every soul atman finally reached cosmic end of life, 8.4 millionth manifestation!


In laymen words… the entire cosmos was a playground for God Almighty, the creator and knower of all. In Hinduism scriptures… as per Bhagavad Gita of Hinduism, God Almighty is also termed Sanatana Purusha… one that exists from times immemorial. Purusha is the terminology explicitly used when discussing anything related to God Almighty.


Bhagavad Gita chapter 13 verse 2 makes it absolutely clear that God Almighty can only be known via path of jnana yoga (absolute wisdom)… never path of bhakti yoga or jnana yoga alone! God realized souls Sri Ramakrishna Paramhansa and Maharishi Ramana initially started in search of God via path of bhakti yoga but finally both switched to path of jnana yoga to reach God in their lifetime.


The sermon of Bhagavad Gita in Hinduism is like God speaking to mankind head-on directly on one-to-one basis. Prime reason why Lord Krishna is always considered an avatar in Hinduism (God manifest in human form)… a messiah, saviour and never a man God like Mahavira, Gautama Buddha, Jesus Christ or Prophet Mohammed! Whatever is stated by Lord Krishna in Bhagavad Gita is truth but absolute truth. Nothing in Bhagavad Gita could ever be falsified or denied. True followers of Bhagavad Gita Hinduism finally reached God in their lifetime.


In Bhagavad Gita chapter 13 verse 2 Lord Krishna clearly emphasizes importance of human beings understanding difference between Kshetra and Kshetrajna. Unless we distinguish the two… we would never be able to reach the underlying spiritual meaning. To understand God… we had to understand its manifest creation. To know the reality of our true inner self… we need to understand why a soul atman needs to manifest a body? Indulging in Bhagavad Gita is indulging in sacred scripture of the highest order.


Commentary by: Vijay Kumar “Atma Jnani”… The Man who Realized God in 1993 – April 13, 2013

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