Bhagavad Gita Chapter 13 Verse 4


ऋषिभिर्बहुधा गीतं छन्दोभिर्विविधैः पृथक् ।
ब्रह्मसूत्रपदैश्चैव हेतुमद्भिर्विनिश्चितैः ॥१३-४॥

 

Transliteration:

In Bhagavad Gita chapter 13 verse 4, Lord Krishna (an avatar of his era) makes it amply clear that essence of Kshetra and Kshetrajna had its base in statements of various sages and saints of different era, in various Vedas (primary of which are… Rig Veda, Sama Veda, Yajur Veda and Atharva Veda) and finally teachings contained in Brahma Sutras of Hinduism.

 

Every living body has been termed as Kshetra and an enlightened one … Kshetrajna!

 

Lord Krishna says … A believer of wisdom of sages and saints of different era who gained enlightenment in their lifetime, believer of various Vedas and Brahma Sutras must also believe in concept of Kshetra and Kshetrajna. It is only by considering human body as Kshetra could the concept of spirituality become clear to mankind.

 

The Explanation:

Lord Krishna says, concept of Kshetra and Kshetrajna has been explicitly detailed in writings of various sages and saints of different era. For a soul atman to cleanse self… it requires a chain of manifestations. The relationship between a soul atman and human body has been explicitly detailed in present bhagavad gita chapter 13 verse 4. Not to believe in this precept is nullifying the wisdom of sages and saints of different era.

 

If we believe in the wisdom contained in different Vedas (primary of which are… Rig Veda, Sama Veda, Yajur Veda and Atharva Veda)… we must also believe in the underlying relationship between the manifest and the unmanifest world. The manifest world is the physical world we see and feel through our senses. The unmanifest world is the world of our inner self… our soul atman, the spirit within! In order to cleanse self of dross impurities within, to manifest karma… every soul atman needs manifesting a human body.

 

Human beings who did not believe in existence of souls atmans could never reach sublime truths of spiritual world. As per Bhagavad Gita… it was unmanifest world of souls’ atmans that was the absolute truth of life. The world of human beings was a fleeting temporary phase in the entire life cycle of a soul atman. Moment a soul atman reached stage of absolute purity… the need for it to manifest another body now ceased to exist. This stage is reached when human beings gained enlightenment (kaivalya jnana) and finally salvation moksha.

 

Lord Krishna further says that believing in concept of Kshetra and Kshetrajna… is believing in various precepts of spirituality as detailed in Brahma sutras of Hinduism. Most treatises of Hinduism cover the subject of mortal and the immortal world. The mortal world is the physical manifest world and the immortal world belongs to our consciousness… our soul atman, the spirit within! Unless we believed in existence of souls atmans… we could never reach God in present life. To understand what God Almighty was all about… one had to indulge in concept of souls atmans as detailed in sacred Bhagavad Gita of Hinduism.

 

Between world of souls atmans and living mortals lay precept of karma. It is through complex process of karma life moved ahead in cosmic life cycle from one manifest phase of life to another. This also confirms that our belief in doctrine of karma was an absolute must in absence of which one could never indulge in precepts of spirituality ever! It is doctrine of karma, law of karma that detailed to us how a soul atman in its cosmic journey purified self. In absence of law of karma… the whole cosmos simply would become stagnant, decay and die! The infallible laws of karma have been explicitly detailed in sacred Bhagavad Gita of Hinduism… as we sow so shall we reap, nothing less or more!

 

As per laws of karma… the residual balance of karma at the time of death of mortal body becomes the opening balance for next manifestation! It is only based on residual balance of karma from previous manifestation… a soul atman manifested new life form. For a believer of spirituality… after death of mortal body it is only Punya Karma that transfers to next manifestation. Why indulge in negative karma in present life and mar our future. By indulging in negative karma in present manifestation… we make the cosmic journey of soul atman within stagnant. If we were born at a karmic index of +43 then by indulgence in negative karma we may manifest a new life (after death of present body) at karmic index of +42.

 

We must always strive to get ahead in life than travelling backwards. It is beyond doubt that soul atman of people like Hitler would manifest form of an animal in next manifestation. For murdering millions world over (particularly Jews)… what more could we expect out of inscrutable laws of karma! Jainism scriptures confirm infallible laws of karma without fail. It is quite possible that after manifesting human form… our soul atman tracks back and manifests form of an animal in next manifestation. It is only by indulgence in good karma, positive karma all the time human beings finally moved ahead in cosmic life cycle.

 

The concept of Kshetra and Kshetrajna was detailed by Lord Krishna only to explain the importance of human life. It is only in human form a soul atman finally reached cosmic end of journey when human beings gained enlightenment in their lifetime. Born a human being we must always strive to tread spiritual journey and reach cosmic end of life. Travelling spiritual path is the ultimate goal of life for every single human being on mother earth. Reaching 8.4 millionth manifestation is reaching stage of enlightenment (termed kaivalya jnana in Hinduism). The moment an enlightened one left mortal frame one achieved salvation moksha forever!

 

Commentary by: Vijay Kumar “Atma Jnani”… The Man who Realized God in 1993 – April 14, 2013

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