Bhagavad Gita of Hinduism is also termed Vedanta… end of Vedas! Why? When the voluminous Vedas… the four primary Vedas (Hinduism revelations)… Rig Veda, Sama Veda, Yajur Veda and Atharva Veda remained incomprehensible to masses for very long periods of time… came Lord Krishna… an avatar of his era (God manifest in human form).
Lord Krishna juiced all the relevant jnana wisdom contained in Vedas and produced Bhagavad Gita… the sermon that was given to mankind in the battle of Mahabharata between Pandava and Kaurava Kings. Whatever was essential and relevant in Vedas was now available to mankind in a concise form… namely sacred Bhagavad Gita of Hinduism!
Vedas (Hinduism revelations) were invoked by learned sages and saints directly from God Almighty. The term Vedas is derived from Veda (the spoken word). As Lipi (the written script) had not yet evolved… jnana wisdom contained in Vedas spread to mankind through word of mouth… orally! For many centuries this tradition of oral transmission continued unabated.
During second century BCE when Lipi (the written script) evolved… competent sages and saints reduced oral transmission to writing. And finally all the Vedas and Bhagavad Gita came into existence in written form. All Upanishads (independent treatises) were also reduced to writing. With availability of written form, Hinduism gained a better footing in spiritual world.
All the primary Vedas, Upanishads and Bhagavad Gita gained extreme popularity world over. Many philosophers from West indulged in sacred teachings of Bhagavad Gita. Although jnana wisdom contained in Bhagavad Gita was beyond reach of philosophers of West… they however wrote translations, summaries… commentaries only to please their ego.
Teachings of Vedas and Vedanta (Bhagavad Gita) could never be understood, followed by those who wanted to weigh spiritual wisdom on scales of science. Literal grasp of primary principles of life by various philosophers of West meant little in spiritual world. Unless one contemplated on jnana wisdom contained in Bhagavad Gita or Upanishads… one could never reach source of all wisdom contained in cosmos.
Whatever is contained in Bhagavad Gita and Upanishads does not relate to philosophy and for this primary reason spiritual matters were beyond speculation by philosophers’ world over. How many philosophers world over do we think understood gist of Bhagavad Gita… perhaps none! Amongst the scientific fraternity also… it was only Albert Einstein who finally assimilated some teachings contained in Bhagavad Gita.
Vedas primarily dealt with rituals. During times of Lord Krishna… sacrifices lost their meaning. Contemplation took place of sacrifices and yagnas’. Bhagavad Gita laid more stress on karma yoga, bhakti yoga and jnana yoga than rituals contemplated in various Vedas. With coming of Bhagavad Gita… path of self enquiry, path of Neti (not this, not this) took firm footing.
Coming of Lord Krishna was a boon for mankind. Lord Krishna not only succeeded in re-establishing Dharma (righteousness) but also gave to entire mankind much needed reprieve in form of teachings contained in Bhagavad Gita. Both ethical and moral principles of life are explicitly detailed in Bhagavad Gita. In a nutshell… sermon of Bhagavad Gita contained truth but only truth.